Physiotherapy for Bunions

Let’s discuss how physiotherapy can help relieve the pain and discomfort caused by bunions!

What are Bunions?

Medically known as hallux valgus, it is a progressive foot deformity affecting the first toe and is associated with foot pain and changes in functional mobility. The first toe begins to laterally deviate and produces a bony prominence on the medial aspect of the foot known as a bunion.

What causes bunions?

While there is a hereditary component, women, individuals with severe pes planus (flat foot), arthritis and footwear that is tight and narrow around the toe box puts you at an increased risk.

How can Physiotherapy help?

Physiotherapist are often one of the first health practitioners to diagnose hallux valgus even when patients are asymptomatic. As so, physiotherapist’s play a pivotable role in preventing further development of bunions with the use of exercises, mobilizations, posture correction of the feet, gait retraining and education on supportive/ideal footwear.
Depending on the severity of hallux valgus, surgery may be indicated. Post-operative management would include a comprehensive physiotherapy treatment plan in order to get the patient back on their FEET!

By Olivia Martins
Registered Physiotherapist
Physiotherapist Olivia Martins

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